Egypt, the land of the pharaohs and sphinx, is in a state of turmoil all because of one man – President Hosni Mubarak. Considered by many to resemble a modern day pharaoh, Hosni Mubarak and the Hosni Mubarak Family Tree have humble beginnings.
The son of a long line of farmers, Mubarak was born in the village of Kafr-El Meselha on the banks of the Nile River on May 4, 1928. This village is traditionally known for its emphasis on education and has produced four Egyptian cabinet ministers. Mubarak’s father was a low-ranked official in the Ministry of Justice.
Road to The Egyptian PresidencyHaving graduated from the Egyptian military academy in Cairo in 1949, Hosni Mubarak began his military career in the Egyptian armed forces. The Arab-Israeli war of 1967 - 1973 opened doors to his political career and in 1975, President Anwar El-Sadat appointed Hosni Mubarak to the vice presidency. After President Sadat’s assassination by Islamic extremists in 1981, Hosni Mubarak was appointed President of the Arab Republic of Egypt.
Road to RichesAs a high ranking air force officer, Mubarak was able to exert his influence in awarding military contracts to himself and the wider Mubarak family increasing the family wealth considerably. He also made several investments while serving as President of Egypt.
Mubarak, his wife and two sons added to the accumulation of the family fortune by establishing many business partnerships with foreigners. Christopher Davidson, professor of Middle East politics at Durham University in England explains that Egyptian law requires that foreigners can have up to 49 percent in most business enterprises with the rest going to a local business partner or partners.
It is estimated that the family’s net worth ranges anywhere from $40 to $70 billion. Aladdin Elaasar, author of “The Last Pharaoh: Mubarak and the Uncertain Future of Egypt in the Obama Age” reports that the Mubaraks own several residences in Egypt, some inherited from previous presidents and the monarchy and others built by President Mubarak. The Mubarak family owns property in Los Angeles, Washington and New York, in addition to assets and cash reserves stored in bank accounts in the United States, Switzerland and England.
Mubarak’s FamilySuzanne Mubarak wife to President Hosni Mubarak is Egypt’s first lady and daughter of an Egyptian doctor and a Welsh nurse Lily May Palmer, daughter of a colliery manager Charles Henry Palmer. Lily May was raised in Pontypridd, Glamorgan in Wales.
Suzanne’s mother was working as a trained nurse in north London when she met and later married, at the age of 29, an Egyptian pediatrician. This western connection has influenced President Mubarak’s sympathy with the West. Suzanne’s grandmother is a relative of Jihan Sadat’s grandmother. Suzanne Mubarak was born in the Al Minya Governorate, located on the Nile River south of Cairo.
Hosni and Suzanne have two children, Alaa and Gamal. Alaa, the oldest, keeps a low profile and is not interested in a political career like his father. Gamal, on the other hand, is quite the opposite and his political interest and activism have earned him the reputation as someone who could one day succeed his dad to the highest office – the presidency – a prospect that now looks bleak given the recent events in Egypt.
Outside politics, Gamal is a trained investment banker with a degree from the American University in Cairo. He has worked for Bank of America in Egypt and London. Gamal’s wife, Khadiga, is 20 years his junior and both reside in a five-story house in the elite suburb of Knightsbridge, Cairo.
Violence from Egyptian protestors in Cairo and pressure from the Obama Administration in the United States will bring to an end President Mubarak’s 30-year authoritarian reign with unpredictable consequences for the Hosni Mubarak Family Tree.
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